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Most "Blackwing" monsters generally have a very bird-like appearance, with most Level 3 and lower members appearing as small birds while the Level 4 and higher monsters appearing to be either humanoids in bird-like outfits or humanoid birds. They also have a prominent black color-scheme in their design, usually on their wing feathering.
The "Blackwing" archetype is focused on swarming monsters for Synchro Summoning, with a number of secondary focuses including hand trap-like effects, counter usage, ATK modulation, interactions with "Black-Winged Dragon", inflicting burn damage in multiples of 700, and non-standard methods of Special Summoning Synchro Monsters (e.g. the "GY Synchro" effect of "Vayu", which historically formed a deck known as "Vayu Turbo" or "Vayusworn" when paired up with self-milling cards like "Card Trooper" or "Lightsworn" monsters to turbo out its effect). Historical "Blackwing" Decks were played as control Decks focusing on using the archetype's excellent Normal Summons, backed up with the potential for swarming and combo plays. Later "Blackwing" Decks evolved into swarming-based combo Decks revolving around the searching power of "Black Whirlwind".
"Blackwing" has a strong emphasis on swarming monsters from the hand. Most monsters have the ability to Special Summon themselves from the hand; others carry special effects that utilize the Graveyard and hand to advance the gamestate.
Since all of the "Blackwing" monsters rely on the hand for swarming, "Black Whirlwind" allows them to replenish their resources while giving them the ability to toolbox into certain combo pieces. And when enough "Blackwing" cards have swarmed the field, support cards like "Delta Crow - Anti Reverse" and "Black Sonic" are granted additional effects that allow them to be activated from the hand.
Aside from "Blackwing Full Armor Master", the archetype has a general lack of in-archetype boss monsters or easily searchable disruptions with field holding powers, and so often has to rely on the Xyz boss monsters and searchable disruptions provided by "Wise Strix" and "Rusty Bardiche" combos.