Pendulum Monster

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Pendulum Monster

"Archfiend Eccentrick", "Zany Zebra", "Rescue Hamster" and "Dragong" in the artwork of "Pendulum Hole"
"Archfiend Eccentrick", "Zany Zebra", "Rescue Hamster" and "Dragong" in the artwork of "Pendulum Hole"



Japanese (ruby)

ペンデュラム(モンスター)[Notes 1]

Japanese (base text)


Japanese (romanized)

Pendyuramu (Monsutā)


Pendulum (Monster)


A Pendulum Monster (Japanese: ペンデュラムモンスター Pendyuramu Monsutā, abbreviated ペンデュラムモンスター in card text), also called a Pendulum Card in the early episodes of the Yu-Gi-Oh! ARC-V anime, is a type of Monster Card that is half green. They first appeared in the Yu-Gi-Oh! ARC-V anime, and were introduced to the OCG and TCG in Starter Deck 2014 and Super Starter: Space-Time Showdown respectively. A Pendulum Monster can also be activated from the hand as a Spell Card in a Pendulum Zone; if there are Pendulum Monsters in both Pendulum Zones, the player can perform a Pendulum Summon.[1][2][3]

So far, Normal, Effect, Ritual, Synchro, Xyz, and Fusion Pendulum Monsters have been seen. Pendulum Monsters can also be Tuner, Flip, and Spirit monsters.


A Pendulum Monster can be used in two ways: either as a monster by Summoning it, or as a Spell by activating it in the Pendulum Zone.

While not in a Pendulum Zone, a Pendulum Monster is treated as a monster, and its monster effects are applied, but its Pendulum Effects are not. It can be Special Summoned by appropriate card effects. If it is also a Normal or Effect Monster, it can also be Normal Summoned/Set from the hand, just like any other Normal or Effect Monster.

Pendulum Zone and Pendulum Effect[edit]

While in a Pendulum Zone, a Pendulum Monster is treated as a Spell and not as a monster. A Pendulum Monster can be activated from the hand as a Spell Card in the player's Pendulum Zone, but it is not possible for Pendulum Monsters to be Set in the Pendulum Zone. Upon resolving, it remains face-up in the Pendulum Zone as a Spell Card, and gains its Pendulum Effects, if any (its monster effects are not applied while treated as a Spell). Although a Pendulum Monster is treated as a Spell while in the Pendulum Zone, it is not considered a Normal, Continuous, Field, Equip, Quick-Play, or Ritual Spell Card. As long as there is an available Pendulum Zone on the player's field, they can activate a Pendulum Monster from their hand in that zone.[1][2][3]

Pendulum Summoning[edit]

Once per turn, during the Main Phase, while there are Pendulum Monsters in both Pendulum Zones, the turn player can perform a Pendulum Summon, using the Pendulum Monsters' Pendulum Scales to determine the Levels of the monsters that can be Summoned.[1][2][3]

Sent face-up to the Extra Deck[edit]

If a Pendulum Monster would be sent from the field to the Graveyard (either as a Monster Card or Spell Card, and even if it is face-down), it is placed face-up in the Extra Deck instead. Pendulum Monsters that would be sent to the Graveyard from any other location are sent to the Graveyard as normal, including Pendulum Monsters detached as Xyz Materials and Pendulum Monsters whose activation as a Spell Card or Summon is negated.[1][2][3]

A face-up Pendulum Monster in the Extra Deck can be Pendulum Summoned in addition to monsters from the hand, as long as its Level is between the Pendulum Scales; monsters Pendulum Summoned from the face-up Extra Deck can only be Summoned to either a Main Monster Zone that a Link Monster points to, or an Extra Monster Zone.

Pendulum Monsters cannot be used to pay costs that send cards from the field to the Graveyard, as they do not end up in the Graveyard when a player tries to send them there; however, they can still be Tributed for costs. If the effect of a card like "Macro Cosmos" (which banishes cards that would be sent to the Graveyard) or "Grave Protector" (which shuffles monsters destroyed by battle into the Deck) is being applied, this will override the Pendulum Monster's ability to go to the Extra Deck.[1][2][3]

Pendulum Monsters can cause the total size of the Extra Deck to be larger than would be allowed during Deck building.

Extra Deck Pendulum Monsters[edit]

While most Pendulum Monsters are also Normal or Effect Monsters (originating in the Main Deck), a small number of Pendulum Monsters are also Fusion, Synchro, or Xyz Monsters (originating face-down in the Extra Deck). Because they cannot be activated in the Pendulum Zone from the hand, they have effects to place themselves in the Pendulum Zone. Face-down Pendulum Monsters in the Extra Deck cannot be Pendulum Summoned, but can be Fusion, Synchro or Xyz Summoned (depending on their monster card type). Face-up Pendulum Monsters in the Extra Deck cannot be Fusion, Synchro or Xyz Summoned, but can be Pendulum Summoned.

As Xyz Monsters do not have Levels, Xyz Pendulum Monsters usually have a condition that allows them to be Pendulum Summoned from face-up in the Extra Deck if their original Rank matches a Level whose monsters their possessor can currently Pendulum Summon. Otherwise, they have a condition that prevents them from being Pendulum Summoned.

Card layout[edit]

As the Pendulum Effects and the Pendulum Scales take up the space where the Set Number would usually be placed, it is placed in the bottom left corner of the card instead, in the same line as the ATK/DEF values of the Pendulum Monster. The art frame of a Pendulum Monster is increased in size, to the same width as the Effect boxes, and the Pendulum Effect box is partially transparent, allowing the art to be seen beneath it. The upper bit of the Effect box (more or less corresponding to the Type line's height) is also transparent, but to a lesser degree than the Pendulum Effect box.

In the anime[edit]

Yu-Gi-Oh! ARC-V[edit]

In the Yu-Gi-Oh! ARC-V anime, Pendulum Monsters were created when Z-ARC and Ray Akaba's wills reacted to each other when the world was split into four during their duel. Yuya's Pendulum Monsters were originally Effect Monsters, but they were transformed by the power of Yuya's pendant into their current state when Z-ARC awakened for the first time. After Yuya's initial discovery of Pendulum Monsters, Declan Akaba started a project within the Leo Corporation to create more Pendulum Monsters so that the entire world can have access to them. The first prototypes were unveiled in Declan's first duel with Yuya, but the summoning energy they gave off was unstable and so they malfunctioned. Also, these initial prototypes couldn't quite match Yuya's Pendulum Summon in terms of energy. Although they managed to stabilize their Pendulum Monster's energy in time for the Arc League Championship, it was never directly stated whether or not the finished Pendulum Monsters were as good as Yuya's. When a Pendulum Monster is placed into a Pendulum Zone, it appears in a transparent column of blue light from a portal on the ground not dissimilar to the Summoning of monsters in Yu-Gi-Oh! 5D's.

Leo Akaba later used Pendulum Monsters of his own, though it is unknown where, how, or when he obtained them.

In the anime, when a Duelist uses Pendulum Summoning to gather the materials required for a Fusion, Synchro, or Xyz Summon, it is referred to as performing a "Pendulum-Fusion", "Pendulum-Synchro", or "Pendulum-Xyz Summon", respectively. A Pendulum Monster that is also a Fusion, Synchro, or Xyz Monster is referred to as a "Fusion-Pendulum", "Synchro-Pendulum", or "Xyz-Pendulum Monster", respectively.




  • "Supreme King Z-ARC" has the highest ATK and DEF of all Pendulum Monsters, with 4000 ATK and 4000 DEF.
  • Unlike the other Monster Card types, there are no Pendulum Monsters that are not also members of at least one other Monster Card type.
  • So far, there are no Link Pendulum Monsters, nor any Pyro Pendulum Monsters.
  • This is the only Monster Card type that can exist in both the Main Deck and the Extra Deck.

See also[edit]


  1. The parentheses here specify what part is not shown on the cards' Type/Ability line.


  1. a b c d e "The Organization | [OCG] Pendulum Summons, New Mechanics, and ARC-V News!". YGOrganization. February 17, 2014. Retrieved January 30, 2017.
  2. a b c d e "The Organization | [OCG] Points of Interest from the New Rulebook". YGOrganization. March 6, 2014. Retrieved January 30, 2017.
  3. a b c d e "Yu-Gi-Oh! TRADING CARD GAME". Konami. Retrieved January 30, 2017.